In particular, the TPP excluded China. It was intentional. It is expected to offset China and India`s trade dominance in East Asia. The TPP has reportedly apologised to the United States for intervening in trade disputes in the oil-rich South China Sea. China has strengthened its army to support its abuses in the region. According to the Congressional Research Service, “Tufts` study, as an unconventional framework for the analysis of trade agreements, has attracted particular criticism, while the computable general Equilibrium (CGE) models used in Peterson`s study are the standard in commercial analysis.  Fabio Ghironi, a professor of economics at the University of Washington, describes the models of the World Bank and the Peterson Institute in more favourable terms than Tufts` analysis.  In December 2011, some patent and copyright enforcement provisions, allegedly contained in the U.S. proposal for the agreement, were overly restrictively criticized beyond the provisions of the Korea-U.S. trade agreement and the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACAC).   In return, the United States agreed to limit the tobacco trade. It will no longer allow cigarette companies to use arbitration panels to prosecute countries that tax or limit cigarette advertising.
The intellectual property section of a proposed TPP that has been disclosed establishes a minimum of protection that the parties to the agreement must afford to trademarks, copyrights and patents.  Copyright is granted to the author for a lifetime of more than 70 years and requires countries to impose criminal sanctions for copyright infringement, such as the management of digital rights.  Michelle Ye Hee Lee, a fact auditor for The Washington Post, wrote that Warren used “misleading language” to describe the TPP. While Warren involved the creation of “28 commercial advisory committees” to influence the TPP, the advisory committees were effectively established under the Trade Act of 1974; Only membership of trade committees had changed during the Obama administration and the early phases of the TPP. Referring to Warren`s assertion that trade advisers “secretly whisper in the ears of our trade negotiators,” Lee wrote, “While direct meetings are held for private reasons, committees still have to submit written reports to Congress and written recommendations and advice to be published.  In addition, Lee wrote: “It is true that industry representatives represent a large part of overall membership, but it is interesting to note that there is a working committee at the second level, workers` representatives at the first level and that industry groups are highly concentrated (to give technical advice).”  The TPP increases the likelihood that Japan will make economic reforms to revive its economy, which could have an economic impact on China, combined with South Korea`s possible accession to the TPP. By making the Chinese economy less competitive and making Chinese leaders less likely with respect to trade rules in East and Southeast Asia, the Chinese government will be under intense internal and external pressure to liberalize their economy.  Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe believes that China`s future accession to the TPP would have a significant calming effect on the Asia-Pacific region.  United States